[][src]Struct hyper::Response

pub struct Response<T> { /* fields omitted */ }

Represents an HTTP response

An HTTP response consists of a head and a potentially optional body. The body component is generic, enabling arbitrary types to represent the HTTP body. For example, the body could be Vec<u8>, a Stream of byte chunks, or a value that has been deserialized.

Typically you'll work with responses on the client side as the result of sending a Request and on the server you'll be generating a Request to send back to the client.

Examples

Creating a Response to return

use http::{Request, Response, StatusCode};

fn respond_to(req: Request<()>) -> http::Result<Response<()>> {
    let mut response = Response::builder();
    response.header("Foo", "Bar")
            .status(StatusCode::OK);

    if req.headers().contains_key("Another-Header") {
        response.header("Another-Header", "Ack");
    }

    response.body(())
}

A simple 404 handler

use http::{Request, Response, StatusCode};

fn not_found(_req: Request<()>) -> http::Result<Response<()>> {
    Response::builder()
        .status(StatusCode::NOT_FOUND)
        .body(())
}

Or otherwise inspecting the result of a request:

use http::{Request, Response};

fn get(url: &str) -> http::Result<Response<()>> {
    // ...
}

let response = get("https://www.rust-lang.org/").unwrap();

if !response.status().is_success() {
    panic!("failed to get a successful response status!");
}

if let Some(date) = response.headers().get("Date") {
    // we've got a `Date` header!
}

let body = response.body();
// ...

Deserialize a response of bytes via json:

use http::Response;
use serde::de;

fn deserialize<T>(req: Response<Vec<u8>>) -> serde_json::Result<Response<T>>
    where for<'de> T: de::Deserialize<'de>,
{
    let (parts, body) = req.into_parts();
    let body = serde_json::from_slice(&body)?;
    Ok(Response::from_parts(parts, body))
}

Or alternatively, serialize the body of a response to json

use http::Response;
use serde::ser;

fn serialize<T>(req: Response<T>) -> serde_json::Result<Response<Vec<u8>>>
    where T: ser::Serialize,
{
    let (parts, body) = req.into_parts();
    let body = serde_json::to_vec(&body)?;
    Ok(Response::from_parts(parts, body))
}

Methods

impl Response<()>
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Creates a new builder-style object to manufacture a Response

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Response.

Examples

let response = Response::builder()
    .status(200)
    .header("X-Custom-Foo", "Bar")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

impl<T> Response<T>
[src]

Creates a new blank Response with the body

The component ports of this response will be set to their default, e.g. the ok status, no headers, etc.

Examples

let response = Response::new("hello world");

assert_eq!(response.status(), StatusCode::OK);
assert_eq!(*response.body(), "hello world");

Creates a new Response with the given head and body

Examples

let response = Response::new("hello world");
let (mut parts, body) = response.into_parts();

parts.status = StatusCode::BAD_REQUEST;
let response = Response::from_parts(parts, body);

assert_eq!(response.status(), StatusCode::BAD_REQUEST);
assert_eq!(*response.body(), "hello world");

Returns the StatusCode.

Examples

let response: Response<()> = Response::default();
assert_eq!(response.status(), StatusCode::OK);

Returns a mutable reference to the associated StatusCode.

Examples

let mut response: Response<()> = Response::default();
*response.status_mut() = StatusCode::CREATED;
assert_eq!(response.status(), StatusCode::CREATED);

Returns a reference to the associated version.

Examples

let response: Response<()> = Response::default();
assert_eq!(response.version(), Version::HTTP_11);

Returns a mutable reference to the associated version.

Examples

let mut response: Response<()> = Response::default();
*response.version_mut() = Version::HTTP_2;
assert_eq!(response.version(), Version::HTTP_2);

Returns a reference to the associated header field map.

Examples

let response: Response<()> = Response::default();
assert!(response.headers().is_empty());

Returns a mutable reference to the associated header field map.

Examples

let mut response: Response<()> = Response::default();
response.headers_mut().insert(HOST, HeaderValue::from_static("world"));
assert!(!response.headers().is_empty());

Returns a reference to the associated extensions.

Examples

let response: Response<()> = Response::default();
assert!(response.extensions().get::<i32>().is_none());

Returns a mutable reference to the associated extensions.

Examples

let mut response: Response<()> = Response::default();
response.extensions_mut().insert("hello");
assert_eq!(response.extensions().get(), Some(&"hello"));

Returns a reference to the associated HTTP body.

Examples

let response: Response<String> = Response::default();
assert!(response.body().is_empty());

Returns a mutable reference to the associated HTTP body.

Examples

let mut response: Response<String> = Response::default();
response.body_mut().push_str("hello world");
assert!(!response.body().is_empty());

Consumes the response, returning just the body.

Examples

let response = Response::new(10);
let body = response.into_body();
assert_eq!(body, 10);

Consumes the response returning the head and body parts.

Examples

let response: Response<()> = Response::default();
let (parts, body) = response.into_parts();
assert_eq!(parts.status, StatusCode::OK);

Consumes the response returning a new response with body mapped to the return type of the passed in function.

Examples

let response = Response::builder().body("some string").unwrap();
let mapped_response: Response<&[u8]> = response.map(|b| {
  assert_eq!(b, "some string");
  b.as_bytes()
});
assert_eq!(mapped_response.body(), &"some string".as_bytes());

Trait Implementations

impl<T> Debug for Response<T> where
    T: Debug
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impl<T> Default for Response<T> where
    T: Default
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Auto Trait Implementations

impl<T> Send for Response<T> where
    T: Send

impl<T> Sync for Response<T> where
    T: Sync

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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impl<T> From for T
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impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Erased for T